This course gives a chronological overview of history in the modern period (1815-2015). The nineteenth century saw the rise of industrial societies and of the new political ideals of popular sovereignty (e.g. Marxism, socialism) and national self-determination. These forces continued to operate in the twentieth century, which was characterized by tremendous upheavals like the Russian Revolution, the two World Wars and the demise of communism in Eastern Europe. The course offers a survey of the main economic, political and cultural developments from 1815 to the present.


Special attention will be paid to the relationship between economic developments and the international changes of the Balance of Power. A number of issues of seminal importance to modern history will be analysed thoroughly: the origins of the First World War, the Great Depression, and the Second World War, the end of the Cold War and the rise of the welfare state, the decolonization process, and the European economic and monetary co-operation between nations.