Until it collapsed in 2019, the Thomas Cook group was one of the giants of the modern tourism industry with a history reaching back to the 1850s. This course investigates how tourism became one of the major industries of the modern world, moving millions of people around the globe, with entire economies depending on its revenues, leaving the destinations fundamentally transformed. We will investigate how, with the rise of an industrial, more affluent society in the 19th and 20th centuries, the pilgrims and other travelers of the past turned into the mass tourist of today. The rise of new leisure and travel cultures had a deep impact on the natural environment, on local and regional economies, on infrastructures, and on heritage preservation; it gave rise to food and souvenir industries; stimulated historical research and folklorism, the making of travel guides and maps, the organization of leisure activities and spectacles, and new ways of looking at land- and cityscapes with the development of outdoor painting, photography, and film, and more recently, digital media. The growth of tourist culture intertwined with the rise of sports cultures, youth culture and the music industry (festivals). Developing into one of the world’s major industries and forces of globalization, tourism also influenced social and gender relations, ethnic relations, and in general the sense of self both among tourists and in tourist destinations.

In other words: studying the rise and development of tourism in various places all over the globe provides us with a unique insight into the deeper structures of the world we live in today. In so doing, this course introduces the student to combinations of social, economic, cultural and political history and the wide range of sources historians use to write history.

AH HIST 113 Spring 2019.pdfAH HIST 113 Spring 2019.pdf